What is food security and why does it matter?
Food is a fundamental human right – yet an estimated 690 million people go hungry every day. Not having enough to eat has ripple effects on health, the ability to get an education and earn a living, and the ability of a community and a country to flourish.
Food security, as defined by the United Nations means that ‘all people, at all times, have physical social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life’.
Although there have been huge improvements in fighting world hunger, it is currently on the rise, as many vulnerable communities in countries without food security are still struggling with malnutrition.
In parts of Africa, like Malawi and Zimbabwe, poor rainfall and harvests in recent years mean that some individuals and families do not have enough food to last a whole year. Some are forced to cut back on their meals, sometimes going without food for days.
Changing climate, population growth, rising food prices and natural disasters all have an impact on food security. Implementing strategies and addressing the issues which contribute to global food security are essential.
More than 135 million people across 55 countries and territories are in a food crisis where they lack access to essential nutrition.
people go hungry every day.
people across 55 countries and territories are in a food crisis where they lack access to