The 27th January is observed every year by the United Nations as the International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust.
The Holocaust was the systematic persecution and genocide of millions of Jewish people by the Nazi regime, which came to power in Germany in 1933. At this time a number of other groups were also targeted and persecuted by the same authorities, such as the disabled, Roma (gypsies), Communists, Socialists, homosexuals and others (Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum).
The International Day of Commemoration was declared in the resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2005:
Rejecting any denial of the Holocaust as a historical event, either in full or in part, the General Assembly adopted a resolution (A/RES/60/7) by consensus condemning “without reserve” all manifestations of religious intolerance, incitement, harassment or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious belief, whenever they occur.
The resolution declared that the United Nations would designate 27 January — the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz death camp — as an annual International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust, and urged Member States to develop educational programmes to instill the memory of the tragedy in future generations to prevent genocide from occurring again. It requested the United Nations Secretary-General to establish an outreach programme on the “Holocaust and the United Nations”, as well as institute measures to mobilize civil society for Holocaust remembrance and education, in order to help prevent future acts of genocide.
For more information about the Day of Commemoration and the United Nations Outreach Programme, head to www.un.org/en/holocaustremembrance.